The first English translation of this epic masterpiece of Chilean poetry. Araucaniad: a version in English poetry of Alonso de Ercilla y Zúñiga’s La Araucana”. A translation of Alonso de Ercilla’s La araucana. [Alonso de Ercilla y Edition/ Format: Print book: EnglishView all editions and formats. Rating: (not yet rated) 0 . Translated from the Spanish by Delia Goetz. The Araucaniad, A Version in English Poetry of Alonso de Ercilla y Zúñga’s LA ARAUCANA.
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A difficult eight-line unit of syllable verses that are linked by a tight rhyme scheme abababcc, the octava real was a challenge few poets met. Voltaire was much more critical, describing the poem as rambling and directionless and calling the author more barbarous tganslation the Indians whom it is about.
La Araucana makes Chile the only American country that was founded under the lights of an epic poem [ citation needed ]. This page was last edited on 25 Decemberat This last is an indicator of the humanist side of Ercilla, and a human sympathy which he shows towards the indigenous people. For Ercilla, the Araucanians were noble and brave—only lacking, as their Classical counterparts did, the Christian faith. He was adept at blending personal, lived experience englidh literary tradition.
Ercilla placed the lesser conquests of the Spanish in Chile at the core of his poem, because the author was a participant in the conquest and the story is based on his experiences there. He had, in fact, created a historical poem of the war in Chile which immediately inspired many imitations.
He does, however, express admiration for the speech in Canto II, which he compares favorably to Nestor ‘s speech in the Iliad. But the Renaissance epic is not a genre that has, as a whole, endured well, and today Ercilla is little known and La Araucana is rarely read except by specialists and students of Spanish and Latin American literatures, and of course in Chile, where it is subject of special attention in the elementary schools education both in language and history.
Also features extended description of the natural landscape. Spanish literature Epic poems in Spanish Chilean literature.
The story is considered to be the first or one of the first works of literature in the New World cf. The narrator claims that he attempted to have the life of the Indian chieftain spared. Ercilla blames Valdivia for his own death, having mistreated the natives who had previously acquiesced to Spanish rule and provoking them into rebellion.
Retrieved from ” https: The narrator is a participant in the story, at the time a new development for Spanish literature. His valour and nobility give La Araucana grandeur, as does the poem’s exaltation of the vanquished: The sentence was commuted to imprisonment, but Ercilla was speedily released and fought at the Battle of Quipeo 14th of December Alonso de Ercilla was born into a noble family in MadridSpain.
The work describes the initial phase of the Arauco War which evolved from the Spanish conquest attempt of southern Chile. The war would come to shape the economics, politics and social life of Chile for centuries. It had been adapted from Italian only in the 16th century, and it produces resonant, serious-sounding verse that is appropriate to epic themes.
La Araucana is one of the works which the men spare from the flames, as “one of the best examples of its genre”, entirely Christian and honorable, and is proclaimed to be among the best poems in the heroic style ever written, good enough to compete with those of Ariosto and Tasso. Montaigne ‘s essay “Des Canibales”, and was destined to have wide literary currency in European englsh two centuries later.
Views Read Edit View history. Enylish we see Ercilla appealing to the concept of the “noble savage,” which has its origins in classical authors and took on a new lease of life in translatuon renaissance – c. A revolt starts when the conqueror of Chile, Pedro de Valdivia is captured and killed by Mapuche also known as Araucanian Indians.
He was then exiled to Peru lla returned to Spain in These stanzas he later gathered together and augmented in number to form his epic. He was widely acclaimed in Spain. La Araucana consists of 37 hranslation that are distributed across the poem’s three parts.
Project MUSE – The Araucaniad
Ercilla embodied the Renaissance ideal of being at once a man of action and a man of letters as no other in his time was. This article includes a list of referencesbut its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations.
This is the ethical position of Ercilla: On scraps of paper in the lulls of fighting, Ercilla jotted down versified octaves about the events of the war and his own part in it. February Learn how and when to remove this template message.