unification of the two Yemeni Republics in in relation to Edward Azar‟s theory of Protracted Social Conflict. The study verifies Azar‟s. 2 See Edward E. Azar, The Management of Protracted Social Conflict. Theory Theory of Protracted Social Conflict and the Challenge of Transforming Conflict. The Management of Protracted Social Conflicts: Theory and Cases. Front Cover. Edward E. Azar. Dartmouth Peace and conflict studies: an introduction.

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It attempts to break down “the barrier of identity through a four-phased process.

Identifying the tbeory causes of the Rwanda conflict might provide a baseline for redressing the evils in the country. Azar notes, “that it is the relationship between identity groups and the states, which is at the core of the problem. Azar argued that the denial of basic human needs to a large portion of the population initiated instances of protracted social violence.

To alleviate the “underdevelopments” Azar holds responsible for protracted social violence, and in turn overcome the conflict resulting from underdevelopment, Azar points to the needs of security, development, political access and identity in terms of cultural and religious expression. The constitution brought a complex system of power-sharingbut both groups wanted to gain more advantages.

This invasion caused an exodus of about deward, Greek Pgotracted to the south.


This creates a “crisis of legitimacy” [9] in the governance of these countries. The term refers to conflict situations characterized by the prolonged and often violent struggle by communal groups for such basic needs as security, recognition, acceptance, fair access to political institutions, and economic participation. Conflict resolution can truly occur and last if satisfactory amelioration of underdevelopment occurs as well.

Protracted social conflict

Some features of this site sdward not work without it. Weaker states, like those often involved in protracted social conflict, tend to be more influenced by outside connections both economically and politically. Therefore, the theory needs to be accorded due recognition. Their tactics, proscribed as terrorist by many countries, are ruthless, brutal and highly efficient in eliminating their opposition.

Although the Cyprus conflict now lasts for a long time, its resolution does not seem to be close. At this point, actors begin to see where their identities converge, and where they diverge. For example, many states are dependent on an external supply of armament. Four preconditions are isolated by Azar as the predominant sources of protracted social conflict: Among the Sinhalese, the anti-Tamil chauvinism started to spread and the Tamils were more and more disadvantaged and excluded.

But hostilities continued and even intensified.

In s the southern Republic of Cyprus applied for a membership in the European Unionand the Turkish Cypriots on the other side turned to Turkey. The third stage is termed “inventing” and focuses on the “how” of “cooperatively resolving the conflict and its core through integrative solutions.

Later voluntary regrouping of population resulted in another 10, Greek Cypriots leaving the northern part, and 40, Turkish Cypriots moving to the north, which created two homogeneous ethnic zones on the island.


The pre proposals of different federal or centralist arrangements failed as one or the other side rejected them. Numerous peace proposals and plans have been made, but more or less unsuccessful. The effect of this stage is termed resonance, as each side has articulated their core concerns and heard the concerns of the other actors.

Views Read Edit View history. Therefore, to be effective, a conflict resolution framework must specifically emphasize the needs and identities of the conflicting parties.

Such identity-driven rifts are the result of an underlying fear of extinction that often grows within vulnerable ethnic groups who live with the memories or fear of persecution and massacre. With the military coup in the situation erupted into a major crisis.

Protracted social conflict – Wikipedia

But again, because of opposing interests all the proposals failed. The structure of the government needs to be changed so that all citizens are equally cared for and equally represented without theorh or corruption.

Azar states that protracted social conflicts can be characterized by “incompetent, parochial, fragile, and authoritarian governments that fail to satisfy basic human needs.

Protracted social conflict is a theory developed by Edward Azar. Groups that seek to satisfy their identity and security needs through conflict are in effect seeking change in the structure of their society.