Allanblackia floribunda is an evergreen Tree growing to 25 m (82ft) by 20 m (65ft) at a fast rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) The flowers are pollinated by Insects. The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vol 2. Names. Allanblackia floribunda Oliv. [family GUTTIFERAE]. Allanblackia parviflora A. Chev. [family GUTTIFERAE] . Native geographic distributions of (a) Allanblackia floribunda; (b) A. parviflora; and (c) A. stuhlmannii. Maps reprinted with permission from.
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The compounds isolated showed moderate in-vitro cytotoxicity against the KB cancer cell line. The wood has little lustre. Production and international trade Traditionally, the seeds floribuunda fat are marketed on a small scale in local markets, e.
Inthe European Food Safety Authority deemed Allanblackia seed oil described as oil derived from the seeds of A. Articles with ‘species’ microformats All stub articles.
Unrefined seed oils from Allanblackia have been shown to contain bioactive allsnblackia metabolites i. Fruits Paris 43 Proximate, phytochemical and mineral compositions of seeds of Allanblackia floribundaGarcinia kola and Poga oleosa from Nigerian rainforest. Inflorescence a terminal raceme or panicle with strongly reduced branches or flowers single or in pairs in leaf axils.
The seeds contain a fat that is solid at ambient temperatures. Many data are still lacking for species of Allanblackia that could floribund collected using identification methods such as flooribunda, microscopic, organoleptic, thin-layer chromatography TLChigh-pressure HP TLC, HP liquid chromatography HPLC and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, all of which are commonly used in the quality control of botanical ingredients.
These results indicate that including fats and oils or functional foods containing these that are rich in stearic acid, as opposed to other SFAs, in the diet could be advantageous, particularly for hypercholesterolemic individuals [ 38 ]. Seedling with hypogeal germination.
Orbicular, unequal, outer ones 5—8 mm in diameter, inner ones 12—15 mm in diameter, glabrous. Traditionally, the seeds and fat are marketed on a small scale in local markets, allabnlackia. The seeds have been reported contain ca. A prenylated xanthone, named allanxanthone A, has been isolated from the bark, as well as 1,5-dihydroxyxanthone and 1,5,6-trihydroxy-3, 7-dimethoxyxanthone.
The oil yield obtained from solvent extraction zllanblackia higher than from the manual expression The fat from the seeds of Allanblackia floribunda is very similar in composition to that of Allanblackia parviflora A. A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required[ ].
Allanblackia floribunda Oliv.
The natural compound guttiferone F sensitizes prostate cancer to starvation induced apoptosis via calcium and JNK elevation. Only traces of other fatty acids are present. Arbeiten aus dem Kaiserlichen Gesundheitsamte. Guttiferone F, the first prenylated benzophenone from Allanblackia stuhlmannii. On one hand, these results allowed the researchers to identify a potential breeding population trees that produced seeds with desired characteristicsbut on the other hand, the high degree of allabblackia in both physical and chemical properties of the fruits and seeds of the wild A.
Species belonging to the Garcinieae are dioecious and share several morphological characters including the possession of colleters clusters of mucilaginous secretory hairscapitate stigmas, frequently non-scaly buds and anthers that open toward the gynoecium, as well as fruits that are indehiscent and allwnblackia, whereby the testa allanbackia endocarp are at least partially fused [ 5 ].
The compounds isolated showed moderate in-vitro cytotoxicity against the KB cancer cell line.
World Agroforestry Centre; Nairobi, Kenya: In particular, results of molecular analyses with respect to amplified fragment length polymorphisms AFLP have indicated that this method may be useful to differentiate among species, especially when vegetative flribunda only is available for collection in regions where more than one species of Allanblackia occur, and that the high levels of AFLP variation suggest useful domestication opportunities [ 34 ].
To extract the fat, seeds are dried and crushed; the resulting mass is mixed with water and boiled until the fat separates and floats to the surface, from where it is scooped off.
Domestication projects of several Allanblackia species in tropical Africa are underway, but wildcrafting of fruits to meet the seed demand still occurs.
The seeds are eaten in times of food scarcity[ ]. Revision du genre Allanblackia Oliv. Small twigs are used as chew-sticks or toothpicks. Allanblackia floribunda Allanblackia stuhlmannii x 80 – 5k – thb www. A decoction of the inner bark is used as a mouthwash to relieve the pain of toothache. Allanblackia floribunda Allanblackia Floribunda Seed Oil 69 x – 9k – jpg www.
Edible nuts of the world. Management Efforts to domesticate Allanblackia floribunda are underway, but at present seed is only collected from wild stands or from trees retained on farm land.
Allanblackia floribunda is a common understorey tree of lowland closed evergreen rainforest and riverine forest, and also in secondary and swamp forest, up to m altitude.
As shown for the case of the benzophenone derivatives, guttiferone E and F Section 2. The pressed oil, however, due to significant differences in the peroxide value and free fatty acid content, was more stable when stored in plastic containers as compared to the oil extracted with solvent [ 43 ].
Allanblackia floribunda 1, base of bole; 2, flowering twig; 3, fruit; 4, fruit in cross section showing seeds. While numerous reviews about bioactive components in the common commodity oils are available, the literature describing primary and secondary constituents in new, alternative, edible plant-based oils is still sparse. Seedling with hypogeal germination. Redrawn and adapted by Achmad Satiri Nurhaman tree with fruits tree with fruits fruit in longitudinal and cross section.
The fat from the seeds of Allanblackia floribunda is very similar in composition to that of Allanblackia parviflora and Allanblackia stuhlmannii[ ]. The frequency of traditional use of Allanblackia oil, however, has decreased over the last 50 years due to the availability of other commercially available oils.
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Only traces of other fatty acids are present. Small twigs are used as chew-sticks or toothpicks[ ].